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Posts sent in: January 2001

17 Apr 2018 
In a sea of retro-inspired dive watches launched during Baselworld 2017, Citizen stood out as one of the few brands that dared to launch something radically new. The Citizen Promaster Eco-Drive Professional Diver 1000m is the world’s first solar-powered watch capable of saturation diving – and the Japanese brand’s second 1,000-meter diver. We give it an in-depth review in this feature from WatchTime’s November-December 2017 issue.
The Promaster Eco-Drive Professional Diver 1000m (Reference BN7020-09E) was one of three major Promaster additions introduced in Basel this year and, thanks to its uncompromising look and a 52.5-mm-large and 22.2- mm-thick titanium case, also the one that undoubtedly stood out the most. Perhaps more importantly, it’s one of the few watches that rightfully fall into the category of “extreme dive watches.” In other words, it’s a contemporary tool watch. Its primary function is to withstand even extremes of pressure and to safely measure elapsed time under water, even for saturation divers, and definitely not to fit under a French cuff dress shirt.

The new Promaster 1000m follows in the footsteps of Citizen’s first 1,000-meter diver, the 2002-introduced Promaster 1000m (Reference NH6931-06E and NH6930-09FB) with 48-mm titanium case, unofficially nicknamed the “Autozilla” (after the fictional Japanese giant monster). But instead of its predecessor’s removable bezel, the new model comes with an additional locking system that has a visual indication to show when the timing bezel is unlocked. (If the orange strip at 7 o’clock is visible, the 120-click ratcheting bezel can be rotated counterclockwise.) There is a similar indication to show if the crown, ergonomically placed at 4 o’clock, is open or safely screwed-in.
In theory, a dive watch (or any diving instrument) can never be built to be too safe, so the additional ring to lock the bezel can definitely be described as a clever feature (and is actually very convenient to operate). In reality, a unidirectional bezel is already a safety feature, so it’s safe to say that the solution Citizen chose is another good example of the over-engineering that went into this watch. More importantly, the locking mechanism allowed Citizen to equip the bezel on top of it with just six large sawtooth-like elements, making it one of the easiest bezels to operate, even when wearing gloves. And speaking of gloves, Citizen is one of the few brands to offer a very practical solution for divers wearing a dry suit. The Pelican case-like box the watch is delivered in also contains an additional strap extension that’s long enough for most divers’ wrists and suits.

It’s also worth mentioning that for the numerals for the first 20 minutes on the bezel, Citizen has used a larger font (as well as for the 30 and 45 markings). This visual distinction can help a scuba diver keep better track of the first 20 minutes of a dive (which can act as an indicator for the point-of-no-return during an average dive with a standard 200-bar scuba tank). However, a professional saturation diver usually works at greater depths for long periods of time and is about as far away from recreational scuba diving as the Promaster 1000m is from being subtle on the wrist. A saturation diver lives in and operates from a pressurized environment for up to several weeks, and is decompressed to surface pressure only once, at the end of his tour. In other words, a date indicator suddenly becomes much more relevant to a saturation diver than a 60-minute diving bezel in combination with a prominent minutes hand. The same goes, again in theory, for the integrated helium-release valve.
The rise of saturation diving in the 1960s (and hence the use of breathing-gas mixtures containing helium) was the reason that some watch brands started to equip standard dive watches with helium-release valves. Helium molecules inside a pressure chamber can work their way inside a watch. During decompression, the pressure inside the chamber can decrease more rapidly than the pressure inside the watch case. This can, in some cases, cause the watch crystal to pop off. The helium-release valve allows helium to escape from the case during decompression.

Instead of using a helium-release valve, other watch brands simply started to develop more robust watches, which led to the development of the first “extreme” dive watches, like the Omega Seamaster 600 PloProf and the Seiko 6159-7010 Professional Divers 600m – two different approaches to solve the same problem.

The Citizen Promaster Eco-Drive Professional Diver 1000m’s automatic helium-release valve is located at 10 o’clock, on the side of the brushed (and lighter than expected) titanium case, and is again an indication of how much over-engineering went into this watch. It wouldn’t come as a surprise if the same case were able to perform as well without the valve.

With a diameter of 52.5 mm, the case doesn’t have regular lugs or require spring bars. Instead, the strap is integrated directly into the case and secured by the caseback, which not only increases wearing comfort but also makes it virtually impossible to accidentally tear out the strap. However, the unique lug adapters used also make it almost impossible to get a third- party strap as a replacement. On the plus side, since the caseback is held in place by four screws, the engraved diving helmet is perfectly aligned. And yes, diving using a traditional diving helmet would be the third category of diving mentioned in this article, and also the one least likely to require a dive watch.

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